BOD 02 85

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Present National Representatives

  1. Paul BRYANT, Rutherford Laboratory (U. K. representative);
  2. Miguel  A.  CAMPOS,  Universidad   de  Barcelona  (Spain
  3. Birgitta CARLSON, Stockholm University Computing Centre QZ
    (Sweden representative);
  4. Avi  COHEN,   Inter University  Computer  Centre  (Israel
  5. Ira  FUCHS,   City  University  of  New   York  (BITNET
  6. Frode GREISEN, N E U C C (Denmark representative);
  7. Hagen HULTZSCH, G S I (W. Germany representative);
  8. Matti IHAMOUTILA,  Finnish State Computing Centre  (Finland
  9. Jean Claude IPPOLITO, C N U S C (France representative);
  10. Dennis JENNINGS , U C D (Ireland representative);
  11. Pall JENSSON, University of Iceland (Iceland representative);
  12. David LORD, CERN (EARN Association President);
  13. Kees NEGGERS, University of Nijmegen (Holland representative);
  14. Jean NUYENS, F N R S (Belgium representative);
  15. Friedrich   ROITHMAIR,   University  of   Linz   (Austria
  16. Stefano TRUMPY, C N U C E (Italy representative);

IBM Representatives

  1. Alain AUROUX , IBM Europe;
  2. Herb BUDD, IBM Europe;
  3. Alessandro FUSI, IBM Scientific Centre Roma;
  4. Bernd KIRCHNER, IBM Germany;
  5. J. Claude SERES, IBM France;
  6. Colin STETFORD, IBM U.K.;

Invited guests

  1. Thomas HUBNER, invited delegate from C E P T;
  2. Larry LANDWEBER, Organizer of the Academic Network Workshop –
    University of Wisconsin;
  3. Daniel OBERST, invited delegate from E D U C 0 M;
  4. Marco SOMMANI, C N U C E;
  5. Lars TINGSTEDT, invited delegate from C E P T;
  6. Christofer  WILKINSON,   invited  delegate  from  European

Opening July 24 2:00 p.m.

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Birgitta Carlson gave the opening address welcoming the participants on behalf of the University of Stockholm. The President introduces the guests invited to attend the meeting.

Agenda The proposed agenda is accepted.

Minutes of last meeting The minutes are approved.

Setting up of working groups The groups are:

  1. Membership Categories and Criteria – specific cases,
    coordinated by Birgitta Carlson. D.  Lord submitted a
    written proposal as a basis for discussion.
  2. Electronic mail in EARN, coordinated by Paul Bryant.
  3. The association’s financing, coordinated by J.  Claude
  4. Organizational improvements,  including  a proposal to
    create an executive committee,  coordinated by Dennis

Reports on meetings

  • Euronetworkshop in Luxemburg

Paul Bryant reported on the meeting where the association RARE was created with the aim to promote multivendor OSI standard internetworking based on national research networks; anyone interested in this activity is invited to join RARE.

  • EARN technical committee With IBM to discuss X25

An official press release “IBM commitment to OSI; EUROPEAN NETWORKING CENTER established” issued in Paris July, 15 was distributed.

The EARN BoD expressed satisfaction with this very concre­te initiative by IBM.

Paul Bryant described a proposal formulated by the Technical Committee in a meeting in Heidelberg for the adoption of the X400 standard and for the start of a test phase in which a number of pilot sites will install an X400/RSCS-Gateway and later an X400 implementation, bothdeveloped by the ENC, Heidelberg.

The next meeting of technical committee will be held near Geneva September 18th through 20th.

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BITNET report

Ira Fuchs reported on the activities of BITNET some written documentation.


and supplies

Tariff and regulatory questions

Hagen Hultzsch reported on the scheme for volume charge tarification proposed by german PTT; the proposal seems reasonable especially if compared with the proposal from U. K. PTT which implies much higher costs.

The question was put to Mr. Hubner as to how is it that tariffs in different countries, which should be coordinated by CEPT, can be so very different. The answer is that CEPT is only an advisory board and that national PTT administrations are completely independent. What could be very helpful for EARN is to discuss with the national PTT bringing different examples and proposals.

The CEPT offers to EARN the opportunity of setting up a technical joint group for studying the problems connected to tarifications for data networks. It has to be clear thought that the aim of this activity cannot be to obtain a preferential treatment compared to others users but to find in a cooperative effort the more suitable and convenient way to serve the academic community.

The Bod thanks Mr. Hubner for the proposal which intends to take advantage of.

EARN network status on 20th July 1985

Reports from countries are distributed. Description of the columns:

  1. Active nodes.
  2. Planned Nodes.
  3. Planned Gateways.
  4. Volume Charge on National Lines.
  • 0 = no
  • E = expected
  • U = unexpected
  • N = not available/applicable
  • D = dial up lines only
  1. Volume charge on International Lines
  2. License for International Lines.
  3. Active Backbone Lines
  4. Planned Backbone Lines.

Austria Belgium


i-  1



– H



h ———-





E 0


I— H ?



I— H



1-Germany 0



1- France.

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CERN 8 1 1 0 E 0 3-Germany 2- U.K.
-Italy – France.
Denmark 6 2 0 0 E Y 1-Germany
Finland 0 1 1-FUNET N E 7 0 1- Sweden.
France 12 37 1-COSAC 7 E Y 1-Spain 2- CERN.
– Belgium.
Germany 75 15 1-DFN. 0 D Y 6-CERN
Greece 0 7 7 7 7 7 0 7
Iceland 0 1 0 7 7 7 0 1- Sweden.
Ireland 3 0 1-HEANET 0 0 7 1-Germany 1- U.K.
Israel 22 3 1 0 0 7 1-Italy 0
Italy 21 2 2-ARPA 0 E 7 4-USA,CUNY
-INFNET? Israel
Nether land 11 16 0 0 0 Y 1-Germany
Norway 1 0 1-UNINETT E U E 1-Sweden
Portugal 0 6 0 7 7 7 0 1- Spain.
Saudi Arabia 0 7 7 7 7 7 0 7
Spain 5 1 0 E 0 7 2-Italy 1- Portugal.
Sweden 4 2 1-SUNET N 0 E 2-CERN 2- Finland.
-Norway – Iceland
Switzerland 10 3 0 U N 7 0 0
Turkey 0 7 7 7 7 7 0 7
U. K. 0 1 1-JANET N E Y 0 2- CERN.
– Ireland.
———— I — h —- 1 — 1 — 1 h- – ———– i- ———–
Fig. 1    EARN network status

Working group reports

  1. Report from Membership Categories and Criteria

The working group structured the topic for discussion as follows:

  • policies for membership categories;
  • procedures for acception of application;
  • acception/rejection of specific application.

Most of the time available was spent on the matter on

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Policies and specifically on membership categories.

As a basic for discussion the foiling documents were used.

  • Charter  and   Membership  Regulations   of  EARN
  • Technical note on Membership Classification,  P. Lord
    July 19, 1985.
  • BITNET membership Criteria, Dec 1984.

BITNET membership criteria

Ira Fuchs gave a presentation on the BITNET membership categories. He informed that the document on BITNET membership criteria has been amended to accept governamental laboratories outside the US which correspond with University affiliated laboratories in the US as class B members.

Operationally there is no difference between Class A and B members. For Class C there is a difference in application procedure to become a member (EduCOM is a Class C member). Class D, finally, has limited privileges.

Regarding acception of applications clear Class A cases did not have to be brought to the membership committee. Any non-clear case had to be decided by the committee, BITNET applied very strict procedures to applications for Class D membership . They have to submit proof that there are strong link to universities, they were reviewed once a year and have to be brought back for vote by 10 Class A members. Default for Class D applications was rejection.

Ira also brought to our attention the notion of

  • Cooperating network:  a network wich has a system of
    classification that  could be  mapped to  BITNET
  • Non-cooperating network:  a network where the system
    of classification cannot be mapped.

For a cooperating network the privileges where the same of BITNET members.

EARN membership categories

The working group make a strong recommendation that the EARN classification of categories should be defined in such a way that EARN would be defined as a cooperating network.

The working group studied the charter and the document on membership classification to identify problems  to be

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discussed and further defined.

It was found that the EARN definition of full members represents a broader of membership then BITNET Class A-C.

To be able to match EARN to BITNET we could either change the definition of full membership or define a set of subclasses of full EARN members so that a matching of these can be made to BITNET class A-C. This last solution was found a better way of solving this problem.

The working group spent some time on rephrasing the document of D. Lord to get a better matching with BITNET.

The chairman of the working group took on to continue this work.

Procedures of accepting memberships

To be able to handle received and incoming applications for membership, the working group proposes the following procedures.

  • Clear full membership cases to be accepted at the
    national level.
  • Applications for associate membership to be brought to
    the EARN BoD.
  • Any “grey cases” to be brought to the EARN Bod.

Report from Electronic mail in EARN

This working group considered the document produced by P. Bryant as a result of the meeting at Heidelberg. This had been circulated to those present at the meeting and to the Board of Directors.

The Working Group was in favour of the project outlined but made a number of comments.

The first and most far reaching comment was that they thought that an organization such as BITDOC was needed with a staff of 4 or 5 people. One of their functions would be to provide a technical base for migration to ISO, to ensure connectivity with other networks such as BITNET,to ensure convergence with other European network activities and to ensure operation of the international backbone network.

The second comment was to reduce the number of pilot sites to 4 funded ones but to allow others to take part unfunded. GSI, CERN, Rutherford and QZ are the suggested sites but this needs further study.

Italy is interested in evaluating the IBM ISO strategic product and this was encouraged.

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Holland was interested in testing the DEC X400 products and BAN against the ENC development, this was encouraged. It was noted that the international sites all run VM and for the initial work this was satisfactory. In the longer term the requirements of MVS and machines needed study although in th early days these could gateway onto the ISO network.

Further studies are now needed to produce a more detailed proposal.

  1. Report from the association financing


  • EARN Association has to pay for travel expenses
    related to following meetings:
  1. “Executive Committe” meetings;
  2. Technical meetings;
  3. International meetings on accademic networks.

The estimate amount of these expenses  is around 50.000+ a year.

  • The subgroup suggests that it would be interesting to
    have a permanent information  and support center
    located at one of the nodes.  It has to be decided
    exactly how do it.
  • The subgroup mentions the importance to have a bugget
    on documentation, newsletters, promotion.
  • The subgroup suggests that it would be necessary to
    discuss on the creation of a development group.

Income The subgroup suggests that possible sources of income are:

  1. Funding from private companies;
  2. Funding from public istitutions;
  3. Membership fees.
  • Funding from  private companies and  from public

Every national representative in the board has to find

the best way to raise funds in his own country. Taxes

can be a problem for the private companies.

It is also important to try to get funding ressources

from european institutions  (E.S.T., C.E.P.T., E.E.C.,

… ).

The last task has to be made by President and/or

Treasuer of EARN.

  • Membership fees The subgroup has proposed that a
    membership fee is created for each istitution no

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matter how many nodes they connect.

The suggested fee is  250 pounds/year stating from

janaury 1st 1986.

The President asked all members of the Board to discuss with the member sites in their countries, before the next meeting of the Board, the serious question of financing ofassociation making it clear to them what it is doing for them, which they may not be really aware of, so that when the Board next meets decisions can be taken.

  1. Report  from organizational  improvements,  executive committee

The Working Group reported that the following oragnisation would seem to be appropriate for EARN:

  • A Board of Directors, as at present,  with membership
    from each Country,  and with responsibilities  for
    fixing policy,  supervision of the Executive Council
    (see below), and final decision on any matter relating
    to EARN. The members of the Board would be available
    to the Executive for consultation when necessary.
  • An  Executive  Council,  comprising  a  President,
    Vice-President, A secretary,  Treasurer, Executive Ma­
    nager (See below), and the Chairmen of the Advisory
    Committees  (See below).  Representatives of major
    sponsors would be invited to attend the meetings of
    the Executive Council. The Executive Council would be
    appointed by the Board.
  • An Executive Manager,  an employee of the Executive
    Council, who would be responsible for the day-to-day
    management and operation of EARN. The Executive Mana­
    ger would have two support staff, to provide support
    to the EARN Network and to the Users,  and two
    technical staff responsible for the network operation
    and management activities.
  • A number of Advisory Committees would be formed to
    advise the Executive Council on Technical, Financial,
    PTT, and Membership matters.

General Activities

The EARN Executive Manager would be responsible for the following general activities: Network Operation. Network Information Services. Other EARN Services, Technical Services, and the development of Networking Tools.

Network Operation: The day-to-day Network Operation functions include

  • network monitoring and control
  • responding to network problems

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  • planning and inplementing network expansion
  • maintaining routing tables
  • software distribution
  • traffic monitoring and analysis
  • policing the network
  • operating central equipment (servers/monitors)
  • central database maintenance

Network Information Services: As part of the EARN Network a range of Information Services need to be offered to users. These include

  • Documentation Production and Coordination
    Documentation might include user documentation, Earn
    site documentation,  documentation  on the Netork,
    Publicity material, and documentation on interworking
    with other networks.
  • Directory Services

Providing Routing information, A Names Server, information on software facilities available and on current project, and other databases.

  • A help Desk

An electronic Help and Query Desk for Users, and a telephone support service

Technical Services and Tools Development will involve the development and coordination of the technical services provided by the EARN Network. Examples of the activities to be undertaken for bothe current and planned networking technologies used by EARN:

  • Tools development
  • Standards definition and recommendation
  • evaluation of technical tools
  • systems programming support of central systems
  • portation tools for various operating systems

For technology that EARN plans to use in the future, technical tasks will also include evaluating planned technology, and evaluating the migrating and interworking problems that will arise, and developing necessary tools to allow the introduction of new networking technologies.

The Working Group on Organisation recommended that EARN should take a step-by-step approach towards the restructuring of the EARN Organisation.

The first step recommended was the formation of the Executive Council. The Group recommended that the membership of teh Executive Council should be the current Officers of the Board, namely: Lord, Jennings, Ippolito, Trumpy, Bryant, Carlson, Hultsch.

The Group recommended that the Executive Council meet between 4 and 6 times a year, and that the Board of Directors meet twice a year for the next year, and if that is satisfactory, the number of Board meetings can be

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reduced to one per Year.

The Group recommended that the Executive      Council produce a

Plan to implement the recommended EARN   Organisation, and

appoint an EARN manager, and report to   the Board at its
next meeting.

After working groups reports, the following statement of direction concerning the evolution of EARN towards the use of International Standards is adopted.

The EARN Board during its meeting in September 1984 decided to adopt a policy of ‘evolving towards the use of international communication standards’.

In its latest meeting the Board discussed and agreed to a proposal for a first concrete step in this direction. Four EARN nodes located in different countries will act as pilot installations to test and study two software packages for computers operating with the IBM VM/CMS system. The first is an EARN to X400/X25 mail gateway and the second is a full X400 implementation with Message Transfer Agent, User Agent and a User Interface. It is hoped that the gateway software will beinstalled before the end of this year and the X400 implementation will follow a few months later.

These implementations of the CCITT and ISO standards for message handling are being developed by IBM’s European Network Centre, Heidelberg and GMD in Darmstadt, at the request of the DFN.

The experience obtained from these pilot installations will then allow the planning of an introduction of the X400 stan­dard for electronic mail into the EARN network as a whole. Inparticular, besides being used in the connections between EARN and various National Networks, the gateway software can faci­litate the migration plan for EARN when the new standards must be used alongside the existing RSCS-based mail system.

As soon as similar implementations of other standards, such as FTAM for file transfer, become available then the Board expects in the same way to set up pilot installation with the view to then introducing the standards into the network.

The above mentioned implementations will of course open up to EARN the possibility to start to use the PTT’s packet switching services. The members of the EARN Board are very concerned that, particularly once the file transfer standard has been implemented, the cost of the use of these services will be beyond the budgetary means of the Academic and Research Community.

Given the importance of the question of tariffs for communities of users like those of EARN, it was decided that EARN should cooperate with the CEPT to study the tariff issue

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