EARN BOD 04 84

EARN Document

Title:      Minutes of EARN Board of Directors Meeting December 7, 1984

Author:     Not known

Date:       1984/12/7

Committee:  Board of Directors


Revision:   0


Status:     Final

Maintainer: Board of Directors

Access:     Unrestricted




EARN Board of Directors Meeting December 7, 1984

1) Opening and Report on Major Events

  1. Jennings welcomed the participants and proposed (and it was

accepted by the BOD) to establish groups for the major topics.

  1. Jennings summarized some comments on the last minutes:

– ISRAEL: the international link is active, 6 nodes are connected.

– The status of Finland and Denmark is: planned.

– The BOD agreed with the contents of the letter which has been sent

by H. Hultzsch to the CEPT.

  1. Jennings recalled the major events since the last meeting:

– A second leased line from Europe to the U.S. linking DEARN at GSI-

Darmstadt and GWUVM at Washington DC is active.

– H. Hultzsch described the CEPT discussion: CEPT has understood the

idea of such a network. CEPT puts pressure on EARN to go to the

international OSI standards, CEPT is only interested on volume

charging on international lines, but it is left to each country to

establish a reasonable tariffication. For Germany volume based

tariffication currently is applied only for data coming via dial up

connections, thrupassing data will not be charged. H. Hultzsch

proposed that academic authorities should establish a communication

to their national PTT’s, demonstrating the need of a tariffication

which can be covered by current and future R&D budget structures.

2) Status of EARN in Each Country

Each BOD member presented the status of EARN and the PTT problems in

his country. A working group on the “Status Report”” (Mrss. Trumpy,

Neggers, Hebgen, Bryant and Eisinger) presented the 1st version which

is enclosed in appendix A.

3) A working group on the “EARN Charter” (Mrss. Rodier, Cohen, Greisen,

Hultzsch and Jansson) proposed an EARN Charter which was accepted as

the official EARN Charter by the BOD and is enclosed in appendix B.

4) EARN Organization

After presentation of an idea of an EARN association by A. Auroux, a

working group on the “EARN Organization” (Mrss.. Delhaye, Auroux,

Mate, Franzelius, Lord and Ms. Carlson) proposed and accepted by the

BOD. The EARN association located in Paris, France, with the EARN

charter as the associations statute and one general meeting per year

for every member and four BOD meetings per year. The result of the

elections for the EARN association is:

Chairman:                 D. Lord

Vice-Chairman:            D. Jennings

Secretary:                Mr. Trumpy

Treasurer:                Mr. Ippolito

Foundation-group:         Mrss.. Lord, Trumpy, Cohen, Ippolito

5) Working Groups Reports

“Applications” (H. Budd): IBM announced a European Community Science

Engineering Computation Centre (ECSEC) with about 10 FPS-164 systems

and 10 staff people (IBM), 5-7 post doc positions and 10-20 visitor

positions at which 8 hours cpu power per day should be available to

universities via EARN (optimistically by the end of the 1st Q85).

IBM has agreements with French universities on VLSI training, i.e.

IBM provides VLSI design tools to the universities and builds these


“Technical Coordination” (P. Bryant): On February 18-20, 1985, the

1st technical meeting will take place at RAL. Details will be

provided by P. Bryant.

“Promotion/Information Centre” (J.L. Delhaye): J.L. Delhaye presented

a poster and proposed a LOGO, folders and stickers. An EARN kit

(colour foils) to present EARN will be available at the end of 1984.

The German group presented a reference summary and a different LOGO

already used for letter heads. The BOD rejected the poster, but

decided to use both Logos temporarily for letter heads until a final

decision is made. The reference summary and the sticker were accepted

for usage on the folders. The BOD also suggested to use only one LOGO

in the future. Mrss. Delhaye and Lord should coordinate the final

selection. For the EARN information centre, the BOD decided one

centre per country due to the volume based charging.

“Standards and EARN Development Plan” (D. Lord): A paper on standards

is in progress and will be circulated prior the next (technical)

meeting. The BOD accepted the statement of full migration to the OSI

standards as a basic statement of EARN and the development plan. In

addition to OSI standards work must be done on EARN-BITNET standards,

e.g. MAILER programs.

6) Next Meeting

will be on March 8 in Spain



Description of the columns:

1 – planned gateways

2 – active nodes

3 – planned nodes

4 – volume charge on national lines

5 – volume charge on international lines

volume charge abbreviations: E = expected

U = unexpected

N = not available/applicable

D = dial up lines only

6 – license for international lines

7 – active backbone lines

8 – planned backbone lines

Country         1        2   3  4  5  6  7              8


Austria    ?             ?   ?  ?  ?  ?  ?              1 (Germany)

Belgium    0             0  10  E  E  N  0              1 (France)

CERN       0             6   ?  N  E  Y  1 (GSI)        3 (U.K.,



Denmark     ?            ?   ?  ?  ?  ?  ?              ?

Finland     1 (FUNET)    0   1  N  E  ?  0              1 (Sweden)

France      0            7  37  ?  E  ?  0              3 (CERN,



Germany     1 (DFN)     61  15  0  D  ?  2 (CERN        4 (Denmark,

USA-WAS.)      Austria,



Iceland     0            0   1  ?  ?  ?  0              1 (Denmark)

Ireland     1 (HEANET)   2   0  0  0  ?  0              2 (U.K.,


Israel      0           13   5  0  0  ?  1 (Italy)      0

Italy       1 (APRA)    10   2  0  E  ?  3 (USA-NY      0



Netherland  0            1  18  U  U  ?  0              1 (Germany)

Norway      1 (UNINET)   0   1  ?  ?  ?  0              1 (Sweden)

Spain       0            5   3  0  0  ?  1 (Italy)      0

Sweden      1 (SUNET)    0   1  N  E  ?  0              3 (Norway,



Switzerland 0            3   7  ?  N  ?  0              0

U.K.        1 (JANET)    0   1  0  E  ?  0              2 (CERN,



Country         1        2   3  4  5  6  7              8




  1. EARN Objectives


EARN (European Academic and Research Network) is a computer network

open to all Universities, Educational, Academic and non-commercial

Research Institutions in Europe, the Middle East and Africa.

The objective of  EARN is to provide an  Information Exchange System

to  satisfy the  need  for  cooperation and  fast  exchange of  data

between the  members of  this academic  and research  community, for

non-commercial  scientific,   educational,  academic   and  research


  1. EARN Membership


EARN members are institutions responsible for at least one node of

EARN, who are able and willing to support connections to additional

EARN members. A node is a computer system, connected to the main

EARN network, which is able to send, receive and distribute files by

name, using appropriate communication standards and to potentially

support connections of additional EARN nodes.

All universities and non-commercial research institutions in Europe,

the Middle East and Africa are eligible to be Full members of the

EARN. Other Research Institutions are eligible to be associate

members of EARN. Full member of EARN are considered to have the same

status, independently of the national implementations of the


The member of the EARN Board of Directors in each country

participating in EARN decides on applications for Full membership

according to the regulations established by the EARN Board. All

applications for Associate membership will be decided by the EARN


  1. EARN Usage


All uses of EARN must be for scientific, educational, academic and

research purposes only. No commercial use, direct or indirect, is


Full members of EARN are permitted to communicate between themselves

with associete members of EARN and with all members of the U.S.

BITNET network.

Associate members of EARN are only permitted to communicate with

full members of EARN. Special BITNET access authorisation is

required for associated members.

  1. Communication with other Computer Networks


EARN members agree to restrict their communications to other

networks via gateways according to regulations agreed between EARN

and the attached networks.

  1. Responsibilities


Members shall take all reasonable precautions to ensure that users

of their computing facilities abide by these and such other

regulations governing the use of EARN as the EARN Board of Directors

shall introduce.

EARN does not guarantee the security, the confidentiality or the

integrety of the data sent on the network. It is the user’s

responsibility to protect their data and to secure the data

transmission on the network by all means they feel appropriate.

No EARN member shall be held responsible for any way the use made by

any other member.

  1. EARN Regulations


Regulations governing the connection to, access to, and use of EARN

and EARN site facilities, are determined by the EARN Board of


A decision by the EARN Board of Directors concerning the membership

of EARN, the regulations governing EARN, and any other matter

concerning EARN shall be complied with by the members.

  1. EARN Board of Directors


The EARN Board of Directors shall comprise one director from each

country with members participating in EARN. The EARN Board of

Directors may coopt additional members to the Board as appropriate.

Each member shall be eligible to nominate and select their national

delegate to the EARN Board of Directors, according to the

regulations laid down by the Board.